Agutin Aleksandr Vasil'evich, Doctor of juridical sciences, professor, sub-department of prosecutor’s supervision over observance of laws in operational investigations and prosecutor’s participation in criminal proceedings, Academy of the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation (2 Azovskaya street, Moscow, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Sintsov Gleb Vladimirovich, Doctor of juridical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of private and public law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. It is impossible to ensure effectiveness of the Russian criminal proceedings in isolation from its primary components, such as the personality and Russian culture. In the present article under the personality one should understand the person with the world understading and perception based on the cultural and historical heritage, spiritual and moral foundations, the mentality, the world outlook and setup of the Russian people. The person forms his/her existence on the said basis to such extent, that it is possible to consider him/her as the personality.
Materials and methods. The article analyzes scientific literature on the subject matter.
Results. Any reflections (reasonings) on the Russian society and a possibility to organize criminal proceedings for its needs and requirements are predestined to fail and futility. Authors explain these failures and futilities stating that the only only way to establish and provide communication in a society is the law, and in its west-european understanding. Such understanding is in conflict with spiritual, moral and psychological purposes that dominate in the mentality of the Russian people. As a result the legal effect is neutralized, and the communications in the Russian society remain disrupt. The said in full measure relates to those communications under investigation that deal with criminal proceedings.
Conclusions. In conditions of a community the struggle against crimes includes not just aspects that are realized and recognized, but also a common aspect that appears in subjects of criminal proceedings naturally and from socially determined components and reveals their views on the functioning environment. This common aspect is the mentality of the Russian people. It includes value orientations expressed in life sets and in independent choosing of sacred objects. In this respect the mentality seizes the unconscious and forms stable images of the Russian criminal proceedings, emotional preferences natural for the Russian society and its culturaltraditions in entities that execute criminal procedures.
Russian culture, spirituality of the Russian people, rationalism, personality, backbone foundation of criminal procedures, state, culture of the Russian people
1. Myslivchenko A. G. Filosofskiy slovar' [Philosophical dictionary]. 7th ed. Moscow, 2001.
2. Gruzdev V. V. Pravovoe sostoyanie lichnosti: istoriya, teoriya, praktika: monogr. [Legal status of the personality: history, theory, practice: monograph]. Kostroma, 2011.
3. Agutin A. V., Ryazapov D. T. Aktual'nye voprosy rossiyskogo prava: sb. nauch. st. [Topical issues of the Russian law: collected articles]. Moscow: Izd-vo Mosk. gumanit. un-ta, 2010, iss. 18, pp. 30–36.
4. Agutin A. V., Adamenko I. E., Bazhanov A. I. Organizatsionno-pravovoy mekhanizm formirovaniya vnutrennego ubezhdeniya: tsennostno-mirovozzrencheskie osnovaniya i metodologiya [Organizational and legal mechanism of inner conviction forming: value and world outlook foundations and methodology]. Krasnodar, 2013, 244 p.
5. Adamenko I. E. Ugolovno-protsessual'naya deyatel'nost': sotsiokul'turnye osnovaniya i slozhivshiesya kontseptsii [Criminal procedures:sociocultural foundation and existing conceptions].Krasnodar,2014,pp.138–63.
6. Andreev A. P., Selivanov A. I. Russkaya traditsiya [Russian tradition]. Moscow, 2004.
7. Aksakov K. S. Gosudarstvo i narod [State and people]. Moscow, 2009.
8. Luchin V. O., Pryakhina T. M. Rossiyskoe pravosudie [Russian justice]. 2010, no. 4 (48).
9. Sokolov S. V. Sotsial'naya filosofiya: ucheb. posobie dlya vuzov [Social philosophy: tutorial for universities]. Moscow, 2003.
10. Shibutani T. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya [Social psychology]. Transl. from English by V. B. Ol'shanskiy.
11. Kanke V. A. Filosofiya. Istoricheskiy i sistematicheskiy kurs: ucheb. dlya vuzov
[Philosophy. A historical and systematic course: textbook for universities]. 5th ed. Moscow,2003.
12. Trubetskoy N. S. Nasledie Chingiskhana [Legacy of Genghis Khan]. Moscow, 1999,554 p.
13. Agutin A. V. Mirovozzrencheskie idei v ugolovno-protsessual'nom dokazyvanii: monogr.[World outlook ideas in criminalprocedural proof: monograph]. Moscow, 2004.
14. Parsons T. Sistema sovremennykh obshchestv [The system of modern societies]. Moscow,1997.
15. Poskonin V. V. Sotsial'no-politicheskaya teoriya T. Parsonsa: metodologicheskiy aspekt [The sociopolitical theory of T. Parsons : a methodological aspect]. Izhevsk,1994.